Brechas de género en salarios y puestos directivos: ¿contribuyen las políticas de conciliación laboral y familiar a alcanzar la igualdad de género entre los titulados universitarios europeos?

Palabras clave:

Brecha salarial de género, Puestos directivos, Salarios altos, Políticas de conciliación laboral y familiar, Titulados universitarios


Este artículo analiza la brecha salarial de género y en el acceso a puestos directivos entre titulados universitarios de 12 países europeos y explora la capacidad de las políticas de conciliación laboral y familiar para reducir dichas brechas. Utilizando la base de datos REFLEX y aplicando el algoritmo coarsened exact matching para construir una muestra equilibrada de hombres y mujeres con las mismas características académicas (área de estudio, realización de prácticas, resultados académicos, etc.). Los resultados muestran que las características del programa de estudios ejercen un papel importante en los resultados laborales de los titulados y que las brechas de género tienden a estrecharse una vez incorporadas en las estimaciones. Encontramos que las diferencias de género en el salario por hora y en el acceso a empleos con salarios muy altos son menores en aquellos países con mayor duración del permiso de paternidad y tasas más elevadas de matriculación de niños de 0-3 años en guarderías. Por el contrario, los resultados muestran que las políticas de conciliación laboral y familiar ejercen escaso efecto para superar las limitaciones a las que se enfrentan las mujeres para acceder a puestos de alto nivel, caracterizados por requerir elevados niveles de compromiso y disponibilidad.


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Biografía del autor/a

Ainhoa Herrarte Sánchez, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Profesora Contratado Doctor

Dpto. de Análisis Económico: Teoría Económica e Historia Económica

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Fernando Bellido Gómez-Salcedo, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
Máster en Crecimiento Económico y Profesor Asociado del area de Economía Aplicada desde 2004 en el Dpto. de Economía Aplicada I e Historia e Instituciones Económicas (y Filosofía Moral) de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos.


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Cómo citar
Herrarte Sánchez, A., & Bellido Gómez-Salcedo, F. (2022). Brechas de género en salarios y puestos directivos: ¿contribuyen las políticas de conciliación laboral y familiar a alcanzar la igualdad de género entre los titulados universitarios europeos?. Revista de Economía Mundial, (62), 105-124.
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