Nuclear energy is, nowadays, the only available source to provide the electric power needed in modern countries, without contamination. Opposite to thermal power stations, nuclear power plants do not casue problems to the environment like for instance the green-house effect. The continuous developments in nuclear-energy technology with Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS) and Nuclear Waste Transmutation using Accelerators (TNA) probe a solution to the production of very long-live isotopes steaming from the nuclear reactions.

The Spanish people will decide, along the current century, whether nuclear energy, either from fission or from fusion (in the future), will be the main source to provide the energetic needs of the country. This decision should be based on a detailed analysis of the advantages and disadvantages on using the nuclear energy. This requires enough number of experts to study the impact in our enviroment  from the use of current and incoming technologies. The solution to this request will be a technological challenge without precedents, and needs enough man power highly specialized in Nuclear Technology and associated applications.

On the other hand, the Spanish medical system is at the forefront in Europe in the use and development of diagnosis techniques and cancer therapy. The development of these techniques is closely related to the development of Nuclear Technologies. The construction of a facility for hadron therapy in Valencia is now in the planning stage and will locate Spain at the level of other European countries. This kind of facility provides the unique method to treat cancer in certain patients. Besides therapy, the construction of this facility constitutes a very important technological step. Experts in the medical applications of Nuclear Technologies will be mandatory in Hospitals and other diagnosis and treatment centers, companies for development and maintenance of medical equipment and in all areas directly or indirectly related to the use of nuclear technologies for Medicine. Close to the University of Huelva, at the hospital Juan Ramón Jiménez, there is an electron linear accelerator for radiotherapy.

Spain has provided and is currently providing resources for the development and construction of low and high energy particle accelerators. Andalucía is pioneer in this sector. An accelerators facility at I. de la Cartuja (Seville) is  the first Spanish accelerators complex and is very close to the University of Huelva, less than one hour by car. This technological center provides to the scientific community different particle accelerators: a Tandem van de Graaf up to 3 MV, devoted to fundamental research and materials science, a 18MeV-protons cyclotron for radiopharmacy, and a 1 MV Cockroft-Walton accelerator for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS).

Other laboratories are planned or under construction in Spain. The "Laboratorio de Luz Sincrotrón de Vallés" is under construction in Cataluña. This facility will be devoted to material analysis. The construction of a high-intensity neutron source is planned in Pais Vasco, and an accelerator for hadron therapy will be built in Valencia. Moreover, Spain takes part in the construction of the LHC at CERN (Switzerland) which will be the biggest accelerator complex in the world and will also contribute to the future facility FAIR at GSI (Germany).

The professors and researchers participating in this Master collaborate in all these projects. This will allow an appropriate synergy between the new students and their professional future at these facilities. As a conclusion, the researches in "Engineering and Nuclear Instrumentation" has a main goal to increase the expertise of students and engineers in nuclear technology.  These students will be prepared to contribute in the technological development of our region.