Signatures of excited-state quantum phase transitions in quantum many-body systems: Phase space analysis
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
© 2021 American Physical Society.Using the Husimi quasiprobability distribution, we investigate the phase space signatures of excited-state quantum phase transitions (ESQPTs) in the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick and coupled top models. We show that the ESQPT is evinced by the dynamics of the Husimi function, that exhibits a distinct time dependence in the different ESQPT phases. We also discuss how to identify the ESQPT signatures from the long-time averaged Husimi function and its associated marginal distributions. Moreover, from the calculated second moment and Wherl entropy of the long-time averaged Husimi function, we estimate the critical points of the ESQPT in both models, obtaining a good agreement with analytical (mean field) results. We provide a firm evidence that phase space methods are both a new probe for the detection and a valuable tool for the study of ESQPTs.
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